Studying Japanese
Summary of Learning Japanese workshop presented by Ian O'Kidhain at Kumamoto Orientation 2012

Study

Scheduled regiment assumes a pattern of exercise routines. It prepares your mind for specific times of intense study and allows it to absorb the material with high efficacy during that period. It's possible to change the types of sets within a unit (e.g., kanji, grammar) and to make-up missed sessions. It holds you responsible on a very classic, classroom-like level.
              
...Try to study new material for forty minutes one day and choose a different material for a forty-minute session on the next day. Choose a particular day for holidays away from study. Cycle the kind of subject matter that you study. 

---rigid and inflexible, feelings of guilt associated with procrastination, cramming

Spontaneous studying, stealing time away from everyday activities for language acquisition, is a fluid response to a busy lifestyle and a more immersive method. Its flexibility allows you to utilize forced waiting times (e.g., commute, school down-time). The subject of study is always close in your thoughts, so you spend more time with the language. It holds you responsible on a constant, more casual basis.
 
...Try keeping flash cards or a cellphone app with loaded materials with you at all times. If you find yourself waiting for something, anything really, then use that time to study. Do not feel guilty if you don't use every event of downtime for study.

---easy to forget, cumbersome, structureless
 
Spacing both environments and study times is vital for reinforcement. Spacing facilitates better recall without requiring more effort. Reviewing the same material in different environments at different moments forces the brain to absorb what it has forgotten from prior study sessions. It also lends itself well to breaking the bonds of cramming and short-term memory regurgitation. It broadens understanding of the material by allowing you to meditate on and utilize/review it before a more formal study session.
              
...Try studying the same subject matter for forty minutes in one environment, then review that material when the opportunity arises some other time somewhere else (e.g., waiting for the bus, sitting at a restaurant). Study something different (i.e., kanji one time v. grammar another time) in the same environment within which you had previously covered another subject.
 
Testing reinforces learning, rather than merely assessing progress. Retrieving information transmutes how we interact with that material, as opposed to simply accessing material. Measuring properties, in this case the level of language adroitness, moves you toward higher understanding of that data. Also, the harder it is to remember something for a test, the harder it is to later forget.

              ...Try quizzing yourself following a brief study session (forty minutes) and then take the same test preceding review of the same subject matter. Then test yourself one last time roughly one week following the second review.

Pacing means challenging yourself while not defeating yourself by setting goals and studying methods that pressure you to fail. Quantify the material that you want to learn within a certain group (e.g., JLPT2 study manual, medical terms, pick-up lines). Qualify the schedule for obtaining acquisition of that set and the means. Forgive yourself for procrastinating, but endeavor to be disciplined. Be realistic and take care of your health.

              ...Try taking a ten to twenty minute nap after work, then study for forty minutes (the mind has difficulty concentrating after about forty minutes with no breaks). Quiz yourself on the studied material and review for five minutes. Then do something, anything else, and forget about Japanese for awhile!

Motivation is required for marrying any effective study regiments. Create long-term (one year) and short-term (one week) goals for study. Explore why you intend to continue exploring the acquisition of the Japanese language. Discover if there is an end goal (e.g., JLPT1, permanent lifestyle in Japan, teaching Japanese). This will engender a growth mindset within the realm of each individual goal, which is more conducive to adaptability, curiosity, and efficacy, and ultimately to learning Japanese.


On Association

We originally learned our native languages through physical associations. While this topic is highly debated, and I do not intend to argue whether written or pictorial representation is superior for learning new vocabulary, I think it's at least worth discussing. While all Japanese textbooks are written such that the vocabulary lists flow in written format, some experts believe that pictures assigned to foreign vocabulary may assist learning. For example, while we can associate the word “dog” with the Japanese word “inu,” our minds must translate both of these phrases before associating them together. That is to say that our minds must conjure a symbol or image for dog in both English and Japanese before we can connect the words “dog” and “inu” together as having the same meaning. The benefit of using pictures is such that we can integrate new vocabulary more fluidly, more organically, by associating it directly with the object, opposed to the name transcribed to the object in our native tongues. This effectively removes the detail of having to translate twice for one word. Toward this end, we can utilize mnemonics.

Mnemonics are associative devices that facilitate the act of remembering. The most famous book for Japanese study that utilizes this memory device is Heisig's Remembering the Kanji.


General Resources


Expert Level Resources

Read
Major Websites with Blog Rankings:

Books:
  • A Dictionary of Advanced Japanese Grammar
  • Specialist Supplementary Texts Power Japanese Series
  • Textbooks in Japanese
  • Novella
  • Soil
  • 20th Century Boy
  • Rabbit Press Flashcards

Listen Write
Forum Sites
 

Intermediate Level Resources

Read
Books:
  • Easy Books in Japanese (Harry Potter)
  • Ghibli Readers
  • Soil
  • Heisig's Remembering the Kanji
  • A Dictionary of Intermediate Japanese Grammar
  • Rabbit Press Flashcards
Blogs for Japanese Learning: Listen Write
Forum Sites
 

Beginner Level Resources

Passive Learning is a wonderful resource to utilize before undertaking the study of Japanese grammar or vocabulary. It's the act of staying present in the moment in such a way that you think about the sounds of Japanese – the pronunciation, the tone, the pitch, the rhythm. While you consciously focus on those sounds, your brain subconsciously constructs the sounds. This process makes the acquisition much smoother than studying a Japanese textbook out of context. 

...Try watching TV (not anime) and movies or listening to the radio (http://radiko.jp/#). Make the activity a passive one by focusing on another task while listening. This works well in conjunction with studying kana.   

Study the alphabets as soon as you can and completely bypass romaiji, if possible. Romaiji will only limit your growth, because the majority of Japanese study materials are written in hiragana, at the very least. If you learn romaiji, then you must relearn Japanese through other methods afterward. Kana consist of the complete hiragana and katakana alphabets. You will see them everywhere in Japan, and there is no need to buy any books for the sake of memorization. 

Textbooks, while often dry, are necessary for effective learning. There are a multitude of different resources and methods for beginning Japanese study. They all have many things in common: focus on vocabulary, basic grammar, and kana study, etc. So both the overall method and small differences set each of them apart. I recommend two: Textfugu and Genki. Textfugu is a new, organic project introduced by the website tofugu.com. It's focused on self-learners, which you all are from this point, and is purportedly quite challenging. Yet it's a fresh and effective tool in an otherwise saturated market. Genki is a classic, highly acclaimed textbook aimed at those who will be working in a classroom environment. It's available with a workbook, as well. Genki has the benefit of a successful history; many people have completed the textbook and found higher fluency as a result of its ascribed method. Although it is primarily used with a teacher, the book lends itself well to self-lead learning, as well.
 
Supplementsare a welcome tool to help fill in any voids that textbooks might unintentionally foster. I think that two are highly beneficial: A Dictionary of Basic Japanese Grammar and the website jgram.org. I would highly recommend purchasing a copy of A Dictionary of Basic Japanese Grammar  for the cohesiveness, examples, charts, and simple diagrams. It is an excellent aid to your studies and a great quick reference guide. Jgram is an easy-to-follow website that should be useful at least up to the point when you finally pass N1 (Good luck!), with entries separated out by JLPT level and extra features, such as business and casual email writing guides.

              ...Try this resource: http://dev.jgram.org/pages/viewList.php?t=15

 
Reminders....
・If you have been to a good English-speaking doctor, please email the PAs about it.

・Good luck with the new semester of classes! 

Important upcoming dates:

・Starting in October - New ES/JHS ALT School Visits  
 
 
KumAJET
Upcoming Events:

・September 5 - Taco Night, 7PM at Tortacos, Kumamoto City
・September 26 & 27 - Ashikita Beach Party, Otachimisaki Park, Ashikita, check-in starts at 4PM
 

kumajet@ajet.net
 
 
Area Guide

 

Copyright held in the year posted by individual contributors.  All rights are reserved by holders. Unless otherwise noted in postings, all content is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.5 License.  Any events advertised here are listed as a courtesy only. As such, information here is subject to change. This is a public forum and KumamotoJET accepts no responsibility for any inaccuracies, advertising, or comments made in posts past, present or future. In addition, KumamotoJET will not be held liable for any problems or expenses that are the results of any information contained within this website. Furthermore, KumamotoJET will take no responsibility for any accidents, injuries, or medical conditions acquired in attendance of events advertised here. If there is an error, offensive comment or if you require further information, please contact the site administrator.